Stone - types of processing exterior surface.
A huge variety of colors and shades of natural stone is always and at all times helps architects and designers to find one single stone, which satisfies all interior and exterior needs.
But architecture and design are always in development, in search of new emphases, materials and their processing. So it was with natural stone.
Not only its production significantly increased with time and the advent of more productive cars, and getting a variety of methods of processing natural stone, namely its surface.
Now there are over 10 types of processing the front surface of natural stone. Consider the most popular of their species.
Perhaps it is the most common form of processing of natural stone. The process is sequential processing the exterior surface, with special polishing segments (the number of the number 50 till 100, ╣ 200, ╣ 300, ╣ 400, ╣ 600, ╣ 800, ╣ 1500, and ending number 3500) and bringing it to a mirror shine, with full "disclosure of" internal image of the stone. Polishing is a constant spray of water and changing polishing segments. Especially beautiful look of polished granite, marble, onyx. Polish (a mirrow shine) is not amenable to all kinds of natural stone. Polishing stones can occur not only in terms of stone-processing plant, but also after the installation of natural stone on the floor. In this case, the stone floor looks particularly impressive - because in addition to polishing the front surface of the stone, offset by differences between adjacent tiles, and there is the appearance of the stone monolith.
Polished or glossy surface Honed. If you stop the polishing process on the segments number 800, then the surface of natural stone will not have a mirror shine with that inner picture will be manifested. The surface will be glossy, without the ability to reflect light. Grinding may be exposed to virtually all types of natural stone - marble, granite, slate, quartzite, limestone, sandstone, basalt, travertine and so on.
Natural split Natural. The surface of natural slate and quartzite, the most famous bearers of natural, natural factures - a natural split. It is achieved by splitting the stone blocks on separate slabs for natural fibers. Even today, with current technology, this process takes place using only manual labor. This invoice processing differences may reach 3 mm - 5 mm, however, this does not preclude the use of natural slate and quartzite as a floor covering.
Heat-treated surface. Typically, this processing the front surface, exposed granite slabs thickness of 30mm, thickness less of 20mm. After all processing is done using the direct-fire at temperatures from 1000 ° C, and none of the other kinds of stones such temperature not survive. Using a special torch (in Europe, China, India, used costly Conveyor burning car) issuing a direct fire under high temperature, with a granite surface begin peeled most soft inclusions, the stone is textured with the depth of the relief to 1mm. The texture of heat-treated stone is homogeneous. Usually, this treatment is used to prevent slippage when the exterior steps, walkways, patio, or in continuous zones with the possibility of water splashing. Currently, granite thermally treated the interior walls, facades, counter tops, wherever necessary to make the facture of natural stone, to emphasize its naturalness.
Processing of brushes Brushed. Sometimes, when you need a completely minimal facture of natural stone - often in flooring, steps and tops, the exterior surface of the stone is treated with special abrasive brushes, and again with feed water . Depending on need, use multi brushes machine conveyer type, the knee-lever machines, grinder- mills or special angle grinders with forced feed water. The use of abrasive brushes "dry" is not allowed.
Scratch the surface Chiseled. Relatively new method of processing of natural stone, often of natural granite and limestone. It is characterized by putting on a stone surface longitudinal sulcus, depth 0,5 - 1,5 mm over the entire length of the product. Facture is not monotonous in the neighboring areas, but in the mass looks quite homogeneous. This processing is performed only on special stone processing machines and is actively used on the steps, pedestals and many others.
Antique processing Antique. From the very title shows that the fashion for this processing natural stone came to us from ancient times. The exterior surface of the stone in this processing has a pronounced chaotic facture with uneven ruts, cavities, pores. Today, our experts have learned to repeat the kind of ancient, antique marble, granite, travertine, as if looked your stone with, say 1000 years old to life of man. The surface of natural marble handled special acid and left for 10 - 15 minutes, then rinse with plenty of clean water and dried. Under the action of acid, stone removed all "soft" inclusions, such as chalk, limestone, feldspar, and so on. In their places are formed cavities with irregular shapes, different depths. This creates the effect of the ancient (aged) of stone, which is often used as floor and wall covering interior design of restaurants, hotels, shops, private housing.
Head of Sales LLC “Image of Stone "Gorbachev A.